From Academia: Medical Simulation Using Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, 3D Printing

The medical 3D imaging data can be used for a variety of 3D technologies ranging from 3D Printing to lately, virtual reality and augmented reality. In this issue of “From Academia” , we feature four publications investigating various applications and clinical outcomes of using medical VR/AR for medical simulation. The first article connects 3D printing, AR/VR to the management of kidney and prostate cancer. The second article focuses on diagnostic accuracies in congenital heart disease among conventional visualization, immersive, and non-immersive virtual reality. The winner of this small sample study was immersive virtual reality, especially when the case was complex. However, as we dive deeper into the AR/VR space, the human-computer interaction does not limit to simple visualization. The third article explores two existing haptic VR interfaces, a vibrotactile VR interface, and a kinesthetic VR interface, for medical diagnosis and planning on volumetric medical images. The final publication tackles the VR interface further by creating a prototype with suturing simulation in a VR laparoscopic surgery simulator with haptic force.

From Academia” features recent, relevant, close to commercialization academic publications. Subjects include but not limited to healthcare 3D printing, 3D bioprinting, and related emerging technologies.

Email: Rance Tino ( if you want to share relevant academic publications with us.

3D Printing, Augmented Reality, and Virtual Reality for the Assessment and Management of Kidney and Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review

Authored by Nicole Wake, Jeffrey E. Nussbaum, Marie I. Elias, Christine V. Nikas, Marc A. Bjurlin. Urology. September 2020

A Novel Virtual Reality Medical Image Display System for Group Discussions of Congenital Heart Disease: Development and Usability Testing

Authored by Byeol Kim, Yue-Hin Loke, Paige Mass, Matthew R Irwin, Conrad Capeland, Laura Olivieri, Axel Krieger, JMIR Publications. 31 May 2020

Evaluation of haptic virtual reality user interfaces for medical marking on 3D models

Authored by Zhenxing Li, Maria Kiiveri, Jussi Rantala, Roope Raisamo. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. 25 March 2021

Real‐time suturing simulation for virtual reality medical training

Authored by Peng Yu  Junjun Pan  Hong Qin  Aimin Hao  Haipeng Wang. Computer Animation and Virtual Worlds. 1 September 2020

3D Printing In Orthopedics: Implants, Drug Delivery, Bone Regeneration

3D Bioprinting for Wound Healing and Skinlike Sensors
Automated Bioprinting

3D Printed Drug Delivering Medical Devices

3D Printing Ceramic Implants

3D Bioprinting Knee, Aneurysm Model, 3D Organization Using Microfluidics

3D Printing Pharmaceuticals and Drug Delivery Devices

3DHEALS Guides (Collective) – This is where we dive deep into subjects that you will find helpful for your projects and career.

3DEALS Expert Corner (Collective) – This is where we invite field experts to write their perspectives in a first-person narrative. To write for this column, please email:

3DHEALS From Academia (Collective) – This section features recent, relevant, close to commercialization academic publications in the space of healthcare 3D printing, 3D bioprinting, and related emerging technologies.

Other similar articles